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res isfThe International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) is an organization that governs international shooting sports. While far from the only such organization, it is the one that is a member of the International Olympic Committee and so it is in charge of the Olympic shooting events. Not all ISSF shooting events are Olympic, however. The organization, with 154 national member federations, has its headquarters in Munich, Germany.

International shooting competitions had begun already with Shooting at the 1896 Summer Olympics, and the first World Championships were held in 1897.  However, there was no governing body until 1907, when eight national federations founded the union, soon to be called Union International de Tir (UIT) (French for the International Shooting Union and sometimes referred to in English as the ISU).  This was the name until the current name was adapted in 1998.